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General Features of the family Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae with about 50 genera and more than 1500 species are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics. India has rich diversity of Zingiberaceous plants. perhaps 200 of the world taxa occur in India. Many species are economically important as source of food.


Alpinia Roxb. (nom. cons.)
Asiat. Res. 11: 350. 1810

The largest genus in the family with about 250 species distributed tropical and subtropical Asia. They are medium sized to large forest plants. Inflorescence terminal spike in most species In India the genus is represented by 15 species along with 3 exotic ornamentals.

Alpnia zerumbet
Alpnia abundiflora
Alpnia calcarata
Alpnia conchigera
Alpnia galanga
Alpnia luteocarpa
Alpnia malaccensis
Alpnia manii
Alpnia mutica
Alpnia nigra
Alpinia fax
Alpnia ovoidocarpa
Alpnia purpurata
Alpnia smithiae
Alpnia vittata
Alpnia blepharocalyx

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