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General Features of the family Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae with about 50 genera and more than 1500 species are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics. India has rich diversity of Zingiberaceous plants. perhaps 200 of the world taxa occur in India. Many species are economically important as source of food.


Elettaria Maton
Trans. Linn. Soc. 10: 250. 1811.

The genus Elettaria consist of about 8 species, known from Sri Lanka to Malaysia and Indinesia. They are characterised by front like leafy shoots, long porstrate inflorescence born from the rhizome and flowers in cincini with tubular bracteoles.The cardamom of commerce is obtained from Eletttaria cardamomum Maton. And is the only species represented in India and is believed to be a native of moist evergreen forest in South India especially southern-Western ghats.

Elettaria cardamomum

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