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General Features of the family Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae with about 50 genera and more than 1500 species are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics. India has rich diversity of Zingiberaceous plants. perhaps 200 of the world taxa occur in India. Many species are economically important as source of food.


Etlingera Giseke
Prael. Ord. Nat. 209, 229, 251. 1792.

Etlingera is the inclusive name for Achasma Horan., Geanthus Val. NicolasiaHoran.. Large gregarious gingers with radical showy inflorescence characterised by involucre of sterile bracts, a short as much elongated peduncle, tubular and elongated bracteoles, and a distinct tube between the base of the corolla ubes and the base of filament and labellum. Distributed in Southeast Asia with about 40 species. In India it is represented by only 2 species.

Etlingera elatior
Etlingera fenzlii
Etlingera linguiformis

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