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General Features of the family Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae with about 50 genera and more than 1500 species are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics. India has rich diversity of Zingiberaceous plants. perhaps 200 of the world taxa occur in India. Many species are economically important as source of food.


Hornstedtia Retz.
Obs. Bot. 6: 18. 1791.

Medium ized, or more commonly very tall gingers. Leafy shoot is coarse, often swollen at the base. Inflorescence arrising on a seperate sich shoot, is some what spindle-shaped, on a very short peduncle covered with slift involucral bracts. It comprises of about 40 species, extends from East himalaya to New Guinea and Northern Quenisland. In India it is represented by only 2 species. Hornstedtia fenzlii (Kurz) K.Schum. is transferred to Etlingera.

Hornstedtia fenzlii

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